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Types of Encephancele

In most cases, the frontal EF is accompanied by other cranial-facial anomalies and vices of the formation of GM, which cause various symptoms. Some of the characteristic symptoms:

- Ataxia (coordination violation);

- inhibitory formation;

- visual anomalies;

- cramps;

- slowdown in physical development;

- hydrocephalus (increasing the number of spinal fluid);

- spastic quadriplegia (paralysis of hands and legs) and others.

In most cases, the diagnosis of the frontal EF is raised when it is detected during a normal ultrasound study, detecting a skull defect with a varying degree of cerebral hernia. In this case, the conduct of biochemical studies that investigate the levels of maternal alpha fetoprotein do not show any deviations, since the present defect is covered with leather. If the frontal EF is not diagnosed by the end of pregnancy, the deformation is usually detected at birth. In recent years, the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is increasingly used to obtain a more accurate picture and verify the diagnosis of the frontal EF.

Treatment of the frontal EF is possible, depending on the size of the defect, surgical treatment is carried out preferably from the first days after delivery up to 4-5 months.

Forecast for children born with frontal EF, good, almost 100% of them with timely treatment and adequate leaving survive.


Encephanycele is a NT defect characterized by bag-shaped brain protrusions and shells that surround it through the holes of the skull.

Non-tyrutal EF is located between the nose and forehead. The incidence rate is higher in Asia and Africa.

The defect arises after the incomplete development of NT during pregnancy. Studies have shown the influence of some teratogenic factors (for example, arsenic) on the frequency of the occurrence of the NEFORDOTING EF, as well as on the effect of the efralization.

Additional FC in the diet of women of childbearing age reduces the incidence of congenital defects of NT, including the NEFCRONTAL EF.

The defect is often accompanied by cranial-facial defects formation or other defects of the development of GM. Symptoms include neuromalia, hydrocephalus, paralysis of hand-legs, microcephaly, inconsistent muscle contractions, violations, mental and physical backwardness, convulsions.

Usually, the NEFORRONTAL EF is visible disorder and is diagnosed immediately after birth, but sometimes it can remain unnoticed when it has a light shape.

The only effective method of treating the NEFORDOTING EF is surgery, preferably in early childhood. The degree of possible recovery depends on the size of the EF. The surgical reposition is directed to the return of the protruding part of the brain to the skull and eliminate the defect of the skull and the skin. This usually removes the pressure that can interfere with the formation of the brain. If necessary, the shunt is installed to drain the accumulated eccudate. After spending many hours working, we have selected the best online casinos in the world and divided them into convenient categories by country.